Introduction to geochemistry university exams questions - acaproso
A large part of geochemistry deals with the distribution of elements in the Earth, which is the function of the planet`s differentiation history and chemical properties of the elements. Being able to predict how well elements will substitute into minerals is thus a key aspect of geochemistry.
Discuss the behavior of the REE during mantle melting. What properties of the rare earth elements (REE) make them useful in geochemistry(think in terms of the Goldschmidt parameters of size and charge)
How do the REE behave during the mantle melting? are they compatible, incompatible or do they show mixed behaviors depending on the elements considered>. Do the REE fractionate from one another during mantle melting?. If so, in what way?
Calculate the solubility of Pyrite(FeS2) in pure water at 25ºC . Express the solubility as mole per litre, gram per litre and as parts per million. The solubility product constant for the reaction is 10-44.4 . Molecular weight of Fe=56, S=32.
You are given the following chemical reaction:
Balance it and state if the reaction is a function of Eh, pH or both. Will increasing pH have an effect on the reaction? If so how?
How can the concept of partition coefficients and ionic substitution during mantle melting being useful in mineral exploration? Give four examples of four types of minerals deposits and suggest their host rocks as well as particular locality where they are found in Tanzania.
Calculate the entropy change produced by vaporizing 1 mole of water at 100ºC and 1 atmosphere. The heat of vaporization of water is 540 cal per gram. (Molecular weights are H=1, O=16)
Sketch a chondrite-normalized REE diagram for anorthositic rocks and using your diagram explain their geochemical behaviour.
The following are classes of meteorites: chondrites ,achondrites, palasites, mesosiderites, loamacites and lacnites. Which one of these may represent material from core mantle boundary interface of a parent body of differentiated meteorites and why?